Through his efforts three hundred thousand souls entered the Church. Late in 1861, a sharp piece of iron bruised his chest, resulting in . It was Father Claver. But then, America did not give up on the idea. What the good priest restored in these unloved and abused people was inestimable it was their sacred dignity, their divine royalty, as adopted brothers of Christ the King.Nor could Claver forget the Negroes one they were sent away from Cartagena. One shipload would average between five and six hundred blacks from as many as fifteen or twenty African nations or tribes. Claver couldnt remove the cross but he could make it sweet. The Miracle That Led To St. Peter Claver's Canonization. An institution, true- old as man himself- but, nevertheless, debasingly artificial and oftentimes cruel. Some of their fellow countryman insulted both the converts and the priests, but the good Fathers patience and obvious holiness soon won them. They all had souls to save. Again the gruesome routine began, washing their infections, kissing their sores, bandaging their wounds, even sweeping up their hovels. The priests carried Father Claver in his coffin from the Jesuit house to their main church. Saint Peter's Mount consists of limestone, which is called 'mergel' in Limburg. A year later he was ordained. Whether the saint could bilocate or not isnt known, but whenever the slaves got out of line in the city, the watchful shepherd inevitably showed up to put the fear of God back into them. He felt he had no grace to encourage someone else to carry a cross that he himself wasnt carrying. As for his meals, even these meager refreshments were half devoured by the ungrateful wretch before the saint ever received them. 6212NH Maastricht. The fatigue of this Lenten routine was aggravated unmercifully by the excruciating heat, the bite of mosquitoes, and the stinging itch of a full ankle length hairshirt that the holy confessor wore beneath his cassock next to his body. Our Saints upbringing carries nothing too spectacular about it. Jesuits were already ministering in North America among the Great Lakes native peoples on up through Canada. Give it the least bit of pampering and it will want more and more. A handsome supply of which was hung upon the back if his confessional; for others that the saint felt had enough of a penance to bear (the crippled, the lame, the aged, the destitute), he had more pleasant gifts: Rosary beads, or fruits, sweets, and similar delicacies. He did such things not once, not twice, as some saints have done, but nearly every day for forty long toilsome years.Claver took care of Negro slaves. Baptism was received with such an emotion of joy as to move the hardest heart. They were sinners in need of repentance and divine mercy. All it needed was this seed from the wise master, Alonso. It was during these scourges that the holy mans heroic charity was such a spectacle for even the angels to behold. Others were lured like animals into anchored galleons by novel gadgets, bells, magnets, beads, and such gimmicks, only to see the huge vessels glide away from shore. He joined the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), and after his novitiate in Taragona was sent to the college of . Of course, more often than not he made use of much more religious means of intercession, such as relics, holy water (a sacramental that the saint never tired of sprinkling everywhere) and a rough-hewn cross of maple. mountelizabeth.com.sg. But the conclusion cannot be avoided that only the worst of the Spanish masters can be compared with, say, the English slave-owners of Jamaica in the 17th to 18th centuries, whose physical cruelty was no less than fiendish and diabolical by report. A witness testified to the Office of Inquisition in Cartagena that, on one occasion, he had seen several Negroes floating naked around the ceiling in a house at night after dabbling in this witchcraft. The religious there used to say that their welcome friend, Father Claver, did the work of forty men. In the afternoon hours he would hear only the confessions of the Negresses, and then, in the evening, beginning at six oclock, he would devote himself strictly to the men. Never had any of them been loved as this man had loved them. Arriving at the shack where the men lay writing in the mud, the gentle doctor lifted them up one by one onto some dry mats. Much as men are willing to forgive those, who wrong them, yet they' never . Peter Claver was a man with a mission. The Apostle of Cartagena worse a serious face. His feast is celebrated on September 9. St. Peter Claver Church was established in the early 1900s, after Black parishioners experienced racism from white Catholics at a nearby church. He was beatified 16 July, 1850, by Pius IX, and canonized 15 January, 1888, by Leo XIII. Falling down before him, the veteran apostle kissed his feet. It was this very notebook the dying apostle clasped to his breast on his deathbed, only releasing it for the benefit of novices at the Jesuit Novitiate in Tunga in the mountains of Colombia. All of them died on the spot. They had no charitable funds at their disposal, no plaudits from well-disposed audiences; they were hampered and discouraged by the owners and often rebuffed by the slaves themselves. When he is despised and neglected, he is still dumb. At three oclock in the morning he entered the church. He kept a strict account of each and every slave he baptized. During prayer at night he added a crown of thorns and a rope tied around his neck in imitation of his beloved Savior bound and led to Pilate. Because, he continued, your sufferings have opened for you the gates of Paradise. He turned their inevitable suffering into a cause for joy. He shortly afterwards heard the confession of Doa Isabella, and told her it was for the last time, and on September 6, after assisting at Mass and receiving holy communion, Claver said to his dear friend, Brother Nicholas Gonzalez, I am going to die. That same evening he was taken very ill and became comatose. A Catholic priest who led one of New Orleans' best-known inner-city churches until being accused of sexually molesting a child has been reported to federal authorities for possible financial crimes. WATCH Actor Mark Wahlberg's Inspirational Today Show Interview on Ash Wednesday Shows the Importance of Lent and Fasting! When he is overloaded, he is dumb. Saint of the Day for Wednesday, March 1st, 2023, First Station: Jesus is condemned to death, 5 prayers you should say this Lenten Season News. Of course, such lacks of concern meant a higher mortality rate, and consequently, lower profits; so, though such appalling cruelty did occur, it was not routine. Finally, when they appeared sufficiently prepared, we declared to them the mysteries of the Trinity, the Incarnation and the Passion. For the infirm he would come out of his stuffy box and often set them on his knees so as to accommodate them more easily, and after he was through, he would invite them all for a little breakfast. At that moment. When there was time and opportunity he took the same trouble to teach them how properly to use the sacrament of penance and in one year is said to have heard the confessions of more than five thousand. But his sullen-ness and even the sadness reflected from his deep-set eyes were not the result of his excessive mortification. Hence, the nefarious exploitation and commerce of slavery, for there was no industry to speak of, only raw human labor for which the royals and their cohorts deemed themselves unworthy. In particular, he had a relish for good music, and believe it or not, he was especially fond of a new palatal delight called chocolate; however, lest you chocolate lovers get overconfident, the first time he tasted the sweet was his last. History has since criticized that era for its lack of certain principles of human rights and human dignity. Then they would learn the Our Father and the Hail Mary. Prizes were given to those who learned their prayers first. For a while, Father Claver was left in the hands of a young black man who was noticed to be impatient and rough with Claver and sometimes left him nearly helpless for days on end without attention whatever. To Cartagena, flatteringly known as the Pearl of the Indies, all kinds of adventurers found their way. In this case, the dignitary was the governor himself, Don Jeronimo Zueso Cassola, the same man who raced to tell Father Claver the good news. This extreme wealth passing in and out of the port was what attracted the avaricious entrepreneurs to settle there. 8.00 am - 4.00 pm Telephone (07) 3810 5900 Fax (07) 3282 3190 Email. There were fugitives of all sorts, despairing failures of fortune, pirates, bigamists who had abandoned wife and home, money-hungry merchants, retired soldiers, heretics, Mohammedans, all varieties of Europeans, Jews, Greeks, and of course, native Indians, mestizos, mulattos, and last and saddest of all, the black slaves. The dead man had assured him that he and his converted fellow countrymen were saved only because they had abandoned their errors and embraced the Catholic religion. One poor prisoner, won to God by Father Claver, penned these pathetic words in his prayer book after receiving the death sentence: This book belongs to the happiest man in the world. Nor would he give them back until their owners promised, after confession, to make alms to the leper hospital. The avaricious smiled, the humane shuddered and walked away, and the curious were glad to have new opportunity to do what they do. His apostolate was over, and dark thoughts tried to upset his peace he was useless, a burden to others, and deservedly was cast aside by God. Christians were ambivalent about these sentiments. Finally, the happy convert related a vision he had had of the deceased Dutchman, whom the good Father had just buried, with great ceremony. The entire house, having been informed of Father Clavers condition, came silently into the infirmary. After his ordination in 1616, he dedicated himself by special vow to the service of the Negro slaves-a work that was to last for thirty-three years. But, if some disadvantaged Negro in now in heaven, because this tyrannical Father Claver made an occasion of sin less available to him, and, on the other hand, some Spaniard is burning forever in hell because luring near occasions were for him more accessible, you be the judge who was the more fortunate. In teaching his pupils religion he loved to use pictures. The pastor of St Peter Claver in New Orleans, who has been on leave since the revelation of an abuse allegation in January, has responded with a lawsuit of his own. While he preached, he suffered. Today one can visit the room and window from which Father Claver peered out to be ready once ships arrived with captured and bartered blacks. And the saint prayed hard. He drew them by his humility and his Christlikeness. We had to force our way through the crowd until we reached the sick. In all he had eighteen. Alphonsus is accused of firing-up in Claver the idea of going to the help of unfortunates who were without spiritual ministrations in the colonies of the New World. to peoples judged, by the impoverished social consciousness of that time, substandard in their origin, purpose and development. And if his love for her was great, her was no less for him. He gulped his final breath of air lying in the arms of his confessor. Then we divided the sick into two groups: one group my companion approached with an interpreter, while I addressed the other group. He felt he could never advise another to bear a cross that he himself wasnt already bearing. All the six occupants were from Bongaigaon diocese and were killed after a truck rammed into it at Sumer, Ri Bhoi, on Sunday evening. We made every effort to encourage them with friendly gestures and displayed in their presence the emotions which somehow naturally tend to hearten the sick. In spite of the condemnation of this great crime by Pope Paul III and by other lesser authorities, this supreme villainy, as slave trading was designated by later Pope Pius IX, continued to flourish, all that some of the owners did in response to the voice of the Church was to have their slaves baptized. Was Performed at the Shrine of St. Joseph in St. Louis, MO. How beautifully did his words echo on their souls as he spoke to them of the infinite value of their cross if only they should bear it with joy and patience. He became the prophet and miracle worker of New Granada, the oracle of Cartagena, and all were convinced that often God would not have spared the city save for him. These kinds of individuals stood out from among the rest. Saint Alphonsus was by occupation what Claver was by name. The holy priest would bend over, and with his own arms, he would lift up the sickliest. I will send more when I can. slavery is gone but many of its effects remain; remain not only on the Blacks but also on the Whites. The entire city came out to pay him their respects. The girls' school, called the St. Joseph's School For Girls (or the Spanish Indian Residential School for Girls), relocated to a 400-acre piece of land next to the St. Peter Claver School in Spanish, Ontario, in 1913; construction of St. Joseph's would not be completed until the following year, however.. Peter Claver, SJ (Spanish: Pedro Claver y Corber; Catalan: Pere Claver i Corber; 26 June 1580 - 8 September 1654) was a Spanish Jesuit priest and missionary born in Verd (Catalonia, Spain) who, due to his life and work, became the patron saint of slaves, the Republic of Colombia, and ministry to African Americans.. During the 40 years of his ministry in the New Kingdom of Granada, it . So repulsive was his sickness that no one dares to go near him, lest they contract the infection. There were two hospitals in Cartagena, one for general cases, served by the Brothers of St. John of God; this was St. Sebastians hospital; and another, of St. Lazarus, for lepers and those suffering from sexually transmitted disease. His Mass, which followed, was deliberately short. Under the chaplaincy of this unique man, whose astounding charity to the slaves had been talked of even behind cell walls, the prisons were transformed into virtual monasteries. Established in 1909, in an era of state-sanctioned racial and ethnic discrimination, the Knights of Peter Claver forged into a service organization for the entire family founded on Black. Worse still, kings encouraged rivals to crime so that they could be convicted and sold as criminals. Thank you. In Clavers time wars between and among European monarchs raged, one bloody feud after another, they seemed endless. Though the Inquisition had also been in operation since 1610 in Cartagena, that office dealt in the main with crimes against religion, such as blasphemy, witchcraft (and their was and still is plenty of it in the West Indies), and the preaching of heresy. Standing out as one of the more stupendous of Father Clavers miracles was the affair of the raising of the slave-girl Agustina, who served one of the good padres closest friends, Captain de Villalabos. He was too busy loving to worry about hating. The gentle waves of the blue Caribbean sparkles in the sun as anxious eyes riveted on the distant vessel to read some clue as to its identity. St. Peter Claver, Spanish San Pedro Claver, (born 1581, Verd, Spaindied September 4, 1654, Cartagena, Colombia; canonized 1888; feast day September 9), Jesuit missionary to South America who, in dedicating his life to the aid of enslaved Africans, earned the title of "apostle of the Negroes." Cartagena, Colombia Episode 364: What Is the Point of Lent? Amen. At the age of twenty he entered the Jesuit novitiate at Tarragona. Leo Landoll stood at the altar of God and spoke the words of consecration and for the first time Jesus Christ, body and soul became present in a small white church that had recently been a private home. He obtained his first degrees at the University of Barcelona. In fact, he was the first Jesuit ordained in Cartagena. They knew he meant what he said and what he said was true. The startled priest, having been told the identity of the man kneeling before him, immediately lifted Father Claver up and dropping to his knees he likewise kissed the reverend feet of his predecessor with great emotion and confusion. His troops- eighteen Negro interpreters, a Jesuit brother, a pious woman or two, and usually some prominent Cartagenian official. The vicar general of the diocese officiated at the funeral. No, the saint was moved by nothing less than the love for Christ whom he saw reflected in the least of his brethren. This extraordinary apostle was attracted to the beautiful things of Gods creation, like anyone else. "No, no. Taking his beloved pupil aside, the humble teacher of saints (many great missionaries were guided by Rodriguez) spoke with authority: I cannot express to you the sorrow that I feel at seeing that God is unknown to the greater part of the world. Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver of North America At the Service of the Missionary Church AN INTERNATIONAL CONGREGATION OF WOMEN RELIGIOUS Our Spirituality The most divine of divine things is to cooperate in the salvation of souls. Cartagena needed a saint. He was much more than that to the Negroes. Claver would say frequently: We must speak to them with our hands before we try to speak to them with our lips. When he came upon any who were dying he baptized them and then sought out all babies born on the voyage that he might baptize them. Then he fell to his knees by her bed and prayed for an hour. Showing them Christ fastened to the cross, as he is depicted on the baptismal font on which streams of blood flow down from his wounds, we led them in reciting an act of contrition in their own language. The piercing sunken eyes of the padre read instantly the news in the messengers excited face, Its a slave ship, Father! Suddenly the grave expression of the priest changed into joy His whole countenance beamed as if he had seen a vision. The masters complained that he wasted the slaves time with his preaching, praying and hymn-singing. But four long years would be needed before the consuming affliction would liberate him forever. Saint September 9 : St. Peter Claver a Miracle Worker and the Patron of Racism, Slaves and African Americans September 08, 2022 The son of a Catalonian farmer, was born at Verdu, in 1581; he died on the 8th of September, 1654. It was not until the advent of Christianity that slavery received a deathblow. very silent and reserved. Like a mother, he would press their deformed frames to his, encouraging them to endure their purgatory here so that they might cross directly to heaven at death, for paradise was so close. We are a Special Conference of the St Vincent DePaul Society serving Central Florida. How many souls in America might be sent to heaven by priests who are idle in Europe?. Were it not for a miracle, the poor Father, to the very end a victim to the devils rage, would have been tossed off and perhaps killed. When a language was unuasually remote, Father Peter would have to speak through a chain of five or six interpreters to get across his message. The holy man had no time to lose. Once, when commended for his apostolic zeal, he replied, It ought to be so but there is nothing but self indulgence in it; it is the result of my enthusiastic and impetuous temperament. unknown artist. Claver knew that the blacks were never going to see in their lifetime much, if any, material happiness on earth, certainly not the pie-in-the-sky utopias of Karl Marx and his disciple, Martin Luther King, Jr. It was an era of expansion. Saint Melania, a wealthy Roman matron, freed her 8,000 slaves at once. But what made this Jesuit in Cartagena a saint was not only his detachment from the world and attachment to Christ, but along with that, an astounding ability to reduce potency to act. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free; there is neither male nor female; For you are all one in Christ Jesus. Gal 3:27-28. After three years, the time had come for Rodriguez to speak more clearly to Claver in regard to his vocation, as the Divine Master had done with His Apostles after His three years with them. He, his wife, and daughter settled in St. Joseph's Parish in St. Louis, Missouri. Nor could anyone console him until he had restored the interpreter to health. Cajeten Pereira Bishop House In total six people were killed including the priest and three nuns killed in road accident at Sumer. Our Present . How many more miracles have taken place in connection with this church over the past 150 years, no one knows. Some were so debased as to sell their own children for gain. Smallpox, scurvy, and other deadly plagues spread like wildfire below the deck, due to the lack of any sanitation. In college, Claver met Alphonsus Rodriguez who was a porter at the college and that meeting was to set the direction of Peter Clavers life thereafter. The son of a Catalonian farmer, was born at Verdu, in 1581; he died on the 8th of September, 1654. Source: "Saint a Day" "St. Peter Claver (1581 A. D. - 1654 A. D.): by temperament, Father Peter Claver was shy. Kindly pray for their departed Souls and their bereaved family. Sept. 9: ST. PETER CLAVER, PRIEST. Ad Rem A Fortnightly Email Message from the Prior, Saint David is the patron of Wales, where thousands and thousands of noble Catholics have lived and where many saints have been given to God., He was a Frenchman and the son of a nobleman. His order had already achieved amazing success in its missions, its schools, and in its ability to produce saints. The crude picture graphically portrayed the Crucified Christ with His Precious Blood pouring from His Wounds into a basin. In a short while, when these poor creatures were fattened up a little and washed, they would be auctioned off in the market place and sometimes end up far away. Seddity women complained that after the Africans had been to Mass it was impossible to enter the church for their bodily odor left behind the slaves, understandably, did not have exactly perfumed waters to bathe in daily. The saint suddenly startled everyone by crying out her name: Agustina, Agustina, while sprinkling her with holy water. However, witnesses testified that, despite the filth, the miraculous fabric always smelled fresh and clean. True! It seemed that the blacks under Father Claver were destined to keep the straight and narrow. Silently, with watery eyes, they picked up the saint and laid him to rest.Months later, a certain Mohammedan whom Father Claver had spent years trying to convert, walked into the Jesuit Church where the body of the saint lay in repose, and falling down before the Saints remains, shed tears of sorrow and promised to enter the true Church. Claver was a man who knew pain and knew its value. PO Box 6016. The agony and misery of this human cargo, crammed into the holds of these galleons, defies an adequate description. No time was too early for these faithful Cartagenians to unburden their souls to God. He prayed, slept, walked, labored, and preached in them for forty long years. Claver would never recover from this illness. In Christianity, foremost of the apostles.His name was Simon but according to the gospels Jesus called him from his work as fisherman and gave him the name 'Cephas', the Aramaic equivalent of Greek 'Peter' (petra, 'rock').According to early tradition Peter visited Rome where he was martyred (1 Clement 5, etc. Moreover, the weather was hot, the stench so unbearable in the stuffy hut, and the sight so repulsive that the Negress took flight. One Dutchman was particularly hard, and assaulted Father Claver verbally every time he saw him, shouting in his fury that the priest would never bewitch him as he did the others. Cursed be the law of the false prophet Mahomet, as well as all those who follow it. And on and on the stories go. . Community Redevelopment Agencies have proven historically to provide distressed communities with a better economy through improved infrastructure . In the history of God's Saints we read of heroic souls giving themselves as slaves in exchange for Christian captives. This collection, which dates from 1904 to 2009, with bulk dates of 1980 to 1994, consists of records and materials evidencing the workings of the church and its community, primarily . Nor could he appreciate any human consolation now, as his soul had already begun to break the web that so finely separated him from the vision of his Desire. Peter obeyed, and in 1610 landed at Cartagena, where for forty-four years he was the Apostle of the negro slaves. During Lent and on the major feat days, he would go about the city inviting all to a thorough house cleaning. Suddenly the bearded padre would appear like an avenging angel, whip in hand (the same one he applied unmercifully to himself), and he descended on the wicked party with wrath, terrifying the guilty, and carrying off the devils spoils- i.e., drums or other instruments. They then sent him to Barcelona for his theology studies and after two years were, at his further request, chosen to represent the province of Aragon at the mission of Spanish Jesuits being sent to New Granada. Meanwhile young Clavers desire was growing more and more forceful within him to go to the Indies where God was calling him. St. Peter Claver Sterling Silver Oval Pendant, Practical Practice of Fasting with Fr Dwight Longenecker, 10 important things to consider during Lent, The Happy Priest on Lent, Happiness and the Call to Selfless Love, Daily Readings for Tuesday, February 28, 2023, St. Hilary, Pope: Saint of the Day for Tuesday, February 28, 2023, Lenten Prayer: Prayer of the Day for Monday, February 27, 2023. Once the authorities woke up to this situation when a complaint was brought forward that Father Claver was in the habit of re-baptizing Negroes! He felt it was too delicate a flavor for a religious. St. Peter Claver was canonized in 1888 by Pope Leo . Peter Claver reached stature as a saint of God having watched closely a leader in this work, Father Alfonso de Sandoval, a great Jesuit missionary who spent forty years in the service of the slaves, and after working under him, Peter Claver, having reached a spiritual pinnacle in his own self-understanding, declared himself "the slave of the The saint made it so simple for their confused and despairing consciences that not one of Cartagenas condemned criminals went to his execution unrepentant. Ignatius Strecker came to America from Germany in 1853. Pius IX, who beatified Peter Claver, branded the slave trade supreme villainy. The most vociferous of all was Pope Paul III. Large numbers of the sick were lying on the wet ground or rather in puddles of mud. It behooves me, Claver once wrote, always to imitate the example of the ass. M.J.K. There were others who could solve the problem of slavery; Claver was concerned about the slaves. Which had not? Four years is a long time to be laid up. FOR THE FEAST DAY OF ST. PETER CLAVER. This was his city. St. Peter Claver Parish St. Peter Claver Catholic Church 485 W. Fourth St. Lexington, KY 40508 859-254-0030 SPC Liturgical Art & Environment Update Updated building July 2022 Due to construction on the St. Peter Claver Church property we have addressed the following issues: If you donate just $5.00, the price of your coffee, Catholic Online School could keep thriving. The beauty that attracted this apostle was one far superior to that of pretty faces and balanced proportions; it was his God and Savior, Jesus Christ, whom he saw in the most abandoned and the most loathsome. Truer to his own biography, what might we learn from Claver . St. Peter Claver Peter was born of a distinguished family in Catalonia, Spain in 1581. Clavers fame spread throughout the world. After the Mass the saint happily accepted an invitation to dine with them- for he recognized in so doing a tremendous opportunity to save souls. He studied at the Jesuit college of Barcelona, entered the Jesuit novitiate at Tarragona in 1602 and took his final vows on August 8th, 1604. Fr John Asare-Dankwah, who was removed from ministry at St Peter Claver New Orleans in January following a child sex abuse allegation, has countersued his accuser for defamation. Claver felt as if the Holy Ghost had descended on them as He had at Pentecost. Or, again, with women who were in a habit of dressing immodestly, excusing themselves on account of the excessive heat, he would hand them pictures of a woman similarly garbed amid the torments of the fire and demons in hell. 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